Dr. Amilton de Mello, from the College of Agriculture, Biotechnology and Natural Resources at the University of Nevada, Reno has been working with bacteriophages which are viruses that literally attack bacteria on our foods, most notably salmonella. In his research, he coats meat with salmonella, lets it sit and then coats the meat with the bacteriophage and finds that 90% of the salmonella gets killed. I had a question: "Would it be possible to literally inoculate a live animal with the bacteriophage through an injection? There is already some work out there where we use bacteriophage therapy to decrease the Salmonella shedding in poultry and it seems to be successful, although pre-harvest interventions cost a little bit more because you do have some limitations on them. There is some work out there that you can apply the bacteriophage orally in these animals so that they have access to bacteriophages through the water and the bacteriophages start with intact animals."